The structure of Narrative is a very long and complex process. Once you finalize your thought of making something Narrative based, there are many different areas you need to invent.

The first principle I am going to describe is Developing Character. When developing a character – whether it be based in a film, an animation or even a set of Illustrations, you need to define and develop this being into being an individual. There are many different types of character that will need to be considered, whether your filming with a hero and the villain or a cast consisting of a whole set of main characters. Factors such as emotions really need to be considered too. An emotion is an automatic value response – the audience will empathize with emotion. If Character 1 tells Character 2 that Character 3 is upset, there will be less empathy than if we see Character 3 crying, or any other form of sadness. As the audience, we engage with the character like they are ‘real’, so we can really relate to the feeling behind the emotion. As the plot develops, the audience will empathize more with the character depending on what they portray. If, for example, the character was on the edge of death, the empathy will increase as the character shows their survival instinct. This will help the viewer engage more with the film – and if that Character dies, it will ‘feel’ like their person has ‘really’ died, and that have not just gone off set. Acting has almost nothing to do with what the character says, its more about the action and emotion.

The second and final principle I wish to discuss is the Three Act Structure. Most films/animations will have a Beginning, middle and an End. This could also be seen as the setup, the confrontation leading to the Resolution. This acts like a long bike journey, with a slow, steady ‘straight’ section, leading up to the big up-hill climb, the decent down the hill; going fast, losing control, and then finally the road home, calm, resolute, back on the straight and narrow. Every film, tale, story (etc) could possibly be told through those guild lines. Stories such as Little Red Riding Hood, Humpty Dumpty, Jack and the Beanstalk, can all be told as a Three Act Structure – and the general story will still remain fluent without missing out too much detail and information.

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